The Community Navigator Pilot Program will roll out $100 million in grants total and between $1-$5 million per applicant for “a two-year performance period” to “eligible organizations to provide counseling, networking and to serve as an informal connection to agency resources to help small businesses recover from the economic devastation” brought about by the coronavirus pandemic.
In February 2021, Congress met to provide a blueprint on assistance to small businesses with provisions under the American Rescue Plan. Members of Congress met with constituents to discover at local levels the impact of the pandemic and the effect it is having on businesses that may have been left out in early rounds of relief.
“As someone proudly representing one of the most diverse congressional districts in the country, I am glad the Community Navigator Pilot Program will soon be launching,” said Rep. Carolyn Bourdeaux of Georgia. “We have already seen the difficulties diverse communities face in accessing critically-needed relief resources, from securing PPP funds to rental relief. Through targeted outreach to small businesses in underserved communities, we can ensure that everyone is able to take advantage of the resources offered by the American Rescue Plan.”
Here’s how the SBA explains in full what the Community Navigator program is:
“Through the Community Navigator Pilot Program, SBA will engage with states, local governments, SBA resource partners, and other organizations in targeted outreach for small businesses underserved communities. These efforts began with SBA issuing an Information Notice that offers advice and guidance on best practices for adopting the community navigator model for use by SBA district offices, state and local government partners, Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women’s Business Centers (WBCs), Veterans Business Outreach Centers (VBOCs), SCORE, and other resource partners. The Biden-Harris Administration and Congressional leaders supported a $100 million investment, as part of the American Rescue Plan, to establish Community Navigator Programs for individuals with disabilities and/or in minority, immigrant, rural, and other underserved communities across the country.”
Making a Difference in Underserved Small Business Communities. Key in this initiative are partners and people in the community, serving as a two-way information stream, enabling enterprising business owners to receive the help needed from the SBA. Serving as the foundation of America’s economy, these underserved businesses have areas of concern that need to be addressed. Community Navigator Pilot will provide counseling, networking, and the assistance needed during this time of economic recovery.
“The SBA understands the importance of partnering with organizations as well as smaller, local institutions that are already embedded in the fabric of the Main Street business communities they serve,” said Assistant Administrator for the Office of Women’s Business Ownership Natalie Madeira Cofield. “Community Navigators are the backbone of aiding underserved and underrepresented communities across the nation with recovery.”
For more information on the Community Navigators Initiative, please visit www.sba.gov/navigators.
President Biden presented his $1.8 trillion American Families Plan, which focuses on expanding benefits for education, children and childcare. The Biden administration intends to pay for the plan with a series of tax hikes on certain individual taxpayers. Depending on your income and source of wealth, there are some clear winners and losers of this proposal, so let’s look at each and start with those who lose.
Losers Under the Plan
High Earners: The proposed plan would increase the highest individual tax rate from 37 percent up to 39.6 percent. Currently, this tax bracket starts with those earning more than $523,000 for singles and $628,000 for taxpayers who are married filing jointly. While the percentage increase may appear small, this change is projected to raise more than $111 billion over the next 10 years.
Heirs of Large Estates: The plan proposes eliminating the “step-up” in basis on assets received when an estate is passed on. The step-up in basis means that the heir now has a basis in the inherited asset equal to the fair market value at the date of death. This essentially eliminates the payment of capital gains taxes.
The plan allows for the initial $1 million in transferred gains to remain tax-protected, so this would only impact larger estates.
Wealthy Investors: A change to the long-term capital gains and qualified dividends taxation is proposed for taxpayers earning more than $1 million per year.
Currently, long-term capital gains (on assets held for more than one year) and qualified dividends are taxed at a flat 20 percent. The plan taxes long-term capital gains and qualified dividends as ordinary income, raising the rate to 39.6 percent for the taxpayer affected.
Hedge Funds and Private Equity: The Biden plan looks to eliminate the carried interest tax break, which allows partners in the funds to treat a large portion of their compensation as long-term capital gains instead of ordinary income.
Real estate investors: Currently, the tax law allows for what are called section 1031 like-kind exchanges. A 1031 exchange allows the proceeds from the sale of real estate to be reinvested in another similar or “like-kind” asset, and defer the capital gains taxes as a result.
The proposed plan would eliminate section 1031 like-kind exchanges for all sales where there are gains of $500,000 or more.
Low and Middle-Income Families with Children: The Biden tax plan calls for a five-year extension of the expanded Child Tax Credit (CTC) created in the American Rescue Plan. The CTC gives a credit of $3,000 for every child age 6 to 17 and $3,600 for children 5 and younger for single taxpayers earning $75,000 or less and married filers earning $150,000 or less. The plan would also make the existing $2,000 CTC permanently refundable.
Low-Income Individuals Without Children: The plan proposes a permanent enlargement of the Earned Income Tax Credit. The American Rescue Plan increased the maximum benefit for filers without children from $534 to $1,502 and broadened the eligibility criteria to include those under and over 65.
Working Parents: The American Rescue Plan also included a temporary enhancement of the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit. This credit would give qualifying families a tax credit of up to $4,000 for one child or $8,000 for more than one child to compensate for childcare costs while they work, including after-school programs. The new tax plan would make this credit permanent for those making $125,000 per year or less.
The benefits of the Biden tax plan for its winners are nothing new or novel. Essentially, it calls for making permanent several the provisions originally passed in the American Rescue Plan and increases taxes on wealthier taxpayers to pay for it.
According to a Tufts University survey, six in ten of those surveyed are now vaccinated against COVID-19. However, almost 40 percent of the unvaccinated respondents said they won’t get the vaccine. Only 28.5 percent of the remaining unvaccinated respondents said they will get vaccinated against COVID-19 in the future, with the remaining unvaccinated respondents unable to decide whether they will take the vaccination. With vaccine hesitancy a concern, how can employers encourage more people to get the vaccine?
It is important to understand why some view vaccines skeptically in order to overcome vaccine hesitancy among employees.
The Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center attributes vaccine hesitancy to these factors:
The first factor is safety. Since the vaccine was developed faster than most vaccines have been traditionally, many individuals are concerned about reactions, side effects and quality assurance. More can be read from the CDC VAERS Report.
The second reason has to do with the vaccine’s effectiveness, and how well it works against the coronavirus.
The other reasons for hesitancy are due to things like religious beliefs, vaccine phobias and current health issues of the unvaccinated.
This phenomenon is not isolated to the United States. Based on a global survey of 32 nations that Johns Hopkins cites, 98 percent of Vietnamese would get the vaccine, while only 38 percent of those in Serbia would get the vaccine once it’s available.
Navigating Vaccinations in the Workplace
Requesting a Vaccine Exemption Due to Religious Beliefs
Businesses that fall within the purview of Title VII (Civil Rights Act of 1964), must accommodate an employee’s sincerely held religious belief, practice or observance unless it causes an undue hardship on the business.
The CDC says that once a company is aware of a worker’s “sincerely held religious belief, practice or observance [that stops him from accepting the flu shot], the employer has to provide a reasonable accommodation [except if it causes] an undue hardship.” While this refers to influenza, the reasoning behind it applies equally to an employee expressing their religious objection to a COVID-19 vaccination.
Accommodations for Disabled Employees
According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) covers employers in the private sector and state and local governments that employ 15 or more workers. The ADA offers guidance for employers when an employee requests to be exempt from a COVID-19 vaccination due to a disability. This Act says that employers are able to implement a workplace standard specifying that a person cannot “pose a direct threat to the health or safety of individuals in the workplace.”
If, however, this workplace standard either sorts out or will likely sort out a disabled person from meeting the workplace safety standard by being unvaccinated, the employer must demonstrate that such person without a vaccine would pose a direct threat of risk to another person in the workplace that cannot be reduced by a reasonable accommodation.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) believes a direct or proximate threat exists from the unvaccinated person through four tests: length of the danger, how severe and the type of harm that could occur, the chances of the potential harm that will happen, and proximity of the realistic harm.
When it comes to determining if a reasonable accommodation exists, the EEOC lists three criteria: the worker’s professional responsibilities, if there is a different job the worker could transition to in order to make the vaccination less necessary, and how serious it is to the company’s function that the worker be vaccinated.
How to Encourage More Vaccinations
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce cautions that employers who are contemplating mandating their workers take the COVID-19 vaccination, state law varies on how far they can go. However, a good way to get employees vaccinated is by encouraging and not requiring vaccination. Forcing employees to get the COVID-19 vaccination might make workers look for new employment or face a lack of motivation. Depending on the state laws, a vaccine mandate from an employer might lead to a legal battle if employees refuse to get vaccinated or in rare cases an employee dies from the vaccine.
One way to incentivize employees to get the COVID-19 vaccine is by offering them a cash payment to do so. Average incentives range from $50 to $500 with most being $100.
Based on recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are many things employers can do to help get their employees vaccinated against COVID-19.
One recommendation is to have management explain to employees why it’s important to get the vaccination by creating flyers, posters and other forms of communication when staff are entering and leaving the building.
Offering workers, the ability to get vaccinated onsite could encourage people who are on the fence, especially after they see their co-workers get vaccinated.
One part of the American Rescue Plan, which passed in 2021, as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) outlines, permits businesses to claim tax credits if they give their workers paid time off to get vaccinated. This tax credit is eligible for employer reimbursement through paid sick and family leave. It also provides an employer tax credit if employees need time off to recover from any post-COVID-19 vaccine side effects.
Businesses with fewer than 500 employees are eligible for this tax credit for paid sick and family leave that occurs between April 1, 2021, and Sept. 30, 2021. This includes for-profit, tax-exempt organizations and some government employers. Self-employed taxpayers also are eligible for an equivalent tax credit.
Taking the time to encourage workers to get vaccinated, learning how to navigate certain aspects of employment laws and state laws, and making sure to maximize one’s business balance sheet are all essential tools to make the most of 2021 and set up an even better 2022 fiscal year.
Even before the pandemic began, the U.S. residential real estate market was short on houses, with more people looking to buy than those who were selling. And yet, unlike the 2008 recession, any economic woes related to the pandemic did not undercut housing prices. If anything, real estate had a banner year as home prices continued to rise. In April of this year, the median sale price of existing homes rose by 19.1 percent to a record high of $341,600.
There are several reasons we haven’t seen a repeat of the housing crisis that we experienced during the Great Recession. Today’s market is different from 2007, when the economic decline was launched by a housing bubble that sent many homeowner values underwater – followed by job losses and the inability to pay their mortgage. This time around, the government stepped in to ensure Americans didn’t lose their homes when they lost their jobs. The stimulus-relief packages included a moratorium on foreclosures and evictions. This, too, has contributed to the low inventory of existing homes, which normally would be put up for sale when owners become cash strapped.
The Homebuyers’ Market
However, in addition to the cash-strapped – we now have the cash-rich. Among the gainfully employed, savings rates increased during 2020. This means there are now several types of eager homebuyers: millennials trying to buy their first home; mid-career professionals looking to trade up; and retirees (or near-retirees) looking to make a cash offer for a smaller or second home.
The coronavirus contributed to this fiercely competitive market of buyers. Some are looking to take advantage of the newly mainstreamed remote work model and move to rural areas for a more affordable lifestyle. People who are nearing retirement are rethinking moves to large metropolitan areas or continuum of care retirement communities, where future outbreaks can spread more quickly.
The point is, there are millions of people looking to buy a home right now and not enough housing stock There are 72 million millennials alone, the oldest of who are approaching their 40s, with Generation Z right at their heels. Over the next 10 years, the demand for first-time homebuyers alone will persist regardless of how conditions change in the housing market.
The Home-Sellers’ Market
While the buyers’ market is booming with demand, the sellers’ market is starting to grow as well, just not as fast. Rising real estate values due to low inventory have presented an attractive opportunity to cash-in on home equity. In fact, according to a recent NerdWallet survey, about
17 percent of today’s homeowners say they plan to put their home on the market within the next year and a half.
The seller’s market is boosted by historically low mortgage rates, which when compared to renting make taking out a home loan even more appealing. Sellers also benefit from the near-desperation of buyers, many of whom are willing make offers before seeing the property, for as-is condition and above offer price. Not only can sellers take their pick of multiple offers, but they can often skimp on home repairs and upgrades before putting their house on the market.
In recent months, existing homes have stayed on the market for an average of only 20 days. Sellers also have the luxury of making their buyers wait under contract until the owner can buy another home. But here’s the tricky part: due to low inventory, it can be very difficult to find a replacement. Sellers who become buyers enter the fray of contract wars just like everyone else.
New Home Building
The single-family homebuilding industry recovered from last year’s economic decline quickly. In March of this year, new home starts swelled 15.3 percent to 1.238 million units. But even with the surge, real estate agents say that new builds need to range between 1.5 million and 1.6 million units per month to meet demand.
Unfortunately, one factor that is holding this market back is access to building materials. Low supply of lumber due to increased demand for new homes and renovations has catapulted lumber prices to record highs. According to the National Association of Home Builders, the cost of lumber has driven up the price of the average new single-family home by more than $35,000 within the past year.
While more inventory will come onto market as people emerge from their lockdowns and the economy fully reopens, one thing is certain: demand in the home-buying market is expected to remain high among Millennials and Gen Z for at least another decade. The momentum for high prices is expected to continue through 2021, so it may be a better time to sell than buy.
Let’s face it. Saving money is a challenge at best – and really hard the rest of the time. But what if you made it a fun game to inspire yourself to save? Here are a few ways to do just that.
Keep the Change Challenge
Anytime you receive or find loose change in your pockets or house, put it in a jar. Don’t touch it for a year, and then see how much you save. But here’s a great plus-up for this habit: download a money-saving app like Acorns and watch your savings grow. Anytime you buy something, Acorns will round up the total and deposit the difference into a diversified investment portfolio. Talk about easy.
Weather Wednesday Challenge
This is great idea. Every Wednesday,look up the highest temperature in your state and deposit the amount into your savings account. For example, if it’s 100 degrees, deposit $100. If it’s 32 degrees, deposit $32. You’ll probably save more during the summer than the winter, but after 52 weeks, you could’ve socked away several thousand dollars. Pretty sweet.
Do you go to Starbucks every day for your Double Chocolatey Chip Crème Frappuccino with extra whip? How about guzzling those sodas every day? Are you a smoker? Whatever it is that you’d like to cut down on or even stop, this challenge has two great benefits: you’ll not only get healthier, but you will also save money.
The No-Spend Challenge
Start with a weekend (or even a week) and make a vow not to spend any money on anything except bills or other necessities. The idea is to save money by not spending it. It might cause you to be more creative. For instance, do you really need a new dress for that special occasion? Dig a little deeper into your closet instead of buying a new frock. Or maybe you decide to drive less and not put gas in the tank. This way, you’ll either bike or walk to your destination (if doable) and do more fun things at home.
The Pantry Challenge
Look inside your refrigerator and pantry. How much food do you have that you haven’t eaten? What about that spaghetti sauce or sesame oil? As long as the food isn’t expired, it’s your chance to get creative and whip up a new dish or revive an old favorite. This challenge is related to the “No-Spend Challenge,” and again, the intention is to save money by not spending it.
The 365-Day Nickel Challenge
Nickels are currency, too! But seriously, if you can remember to do this (set a timer on your phone), you’ll be rewarded handsomely. Here’s how it works: On day one, deposit 5 cents into a jar. The next day, 10 cents. The next day, 15 cents. And so on. By day 365, the total deposit will be $18.40. At the end of the year, you’ll have saved a whopping $3,339.75. Not bad, huh?
While saving money might feel restrictive, you’re actually planning ahead to be very happy. When you’ve been able to stick to a habit, or in some cases give one up, you’ll see that anything is possible if you just put your mind to it. And that’s a great feeling.
Comprehensive Debt Collection Improvement Act (HR 2547) – This bill would expand financial protections and restrictions on debt collection activities for consumers, in particular for private student loans and medical debt. The legislation would require lenders to discharge private student loan debt if the borrower dies or becomes permanently disabled. It would prohibit consumer reporting agencies from adding any information related to certain situations, such as debt arising from a medically necessary procedure, and restrict certain debt collection practices.
The bill was introduced by Rep. Maxine Waters (D-CA) on April 15. It was passed by the House on May 13 and is currently under consideration in the Senate.
COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act (S 937) – This bill was introduced by Sen. Mazie Hirono (D-HI) on May 23. The legislation authorizes the designation of a Department of Justice (DOJ) employee to facilitate an expedited review of hate crime reports. The DOJ also must issue guidance for state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies to establish online hate crime reporting processes and issue guidance to raise awareness of hate crimes related to COVID-19. The bill also authorizes funding for states to create state-run hate crime reporting hotlines. This bill was passed by Congress on May 18 and is awaiting signature by the president.
Washington, D.C., Admission Act (HR 51) – This bill provides for the admission of the State of Washington, D.C., into the Union. The legislation was introduced by Rep. Eleanor Norton (D-DC) on Jan. 4 and passed in the House on April 22. It is currently under consideration in the Senate.
SAFE Banking Act of 2021 (HR 1996) – Introduced by Rep. Ed Perlmutter (D-CO) on March 18, this bill would eliminate penalties imposed on a depository institution for providing banking services to a legitimate cannabis-related business. The legislation passed in the House on April 19 and is in the Senate for consideration
DUMP Opioids Act (S 957) – This bill was introduced by Sen. John Kennedy (R-LA) on March 24 and passed in the Senate on April 22. It is currently under consideration in the House. The bill would require the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to designate places where any individual can dispose of controlled substance medications at VA medical facilities or law enforcement locations. The bill also directss the VA to advertise the designated disposal times and locations via a public information campaign.
NO BAN Act (HR 1333) – Introduced by Rep. Judy Chu (D-CA) on Feb. 25, this bill passed in the House on April 21 and goes to the Senate next for consideration. The purpose of the legislation is to impose limitations on the president’s authority to suspend or restrict aliens from entering the United States. Furthermore, the bill would prohibit religious discrimination to be used as a basis for immigration-related decisions.
On April 19, 2021, New York State Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed the state’s 2021-2022 Budget Bill, which contains significant tax measures including, but not limited to, increased taxes on businesses and high-net-worth individuals and an elective pass-through entity (PTE) tax.
Read the key tax provisions in this comprehensive Budget Bill HERE. To this end, we anticipate that additional guidance will be issued by the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (“the Department”), especially addressing the newly enacted PTE tax.
The Budget Bill sets the tax rate for corporations with business income that exceeds $5 million at 7.25%, up from 6.5%. It also delays the scheduled phase-out of the capital base tax to Jan. 1, 2024, and establishes a tax rate of 0.1875% for tax years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2021. Note that the phase-out delay does not apply to manufacturers and small businesses.
Personal income tax
The Budget Bill increases the personal income tax rates on high-income earners for the 2021 through 2027 tax years. The new rates are as follows:
- 65% for individuals with income over $1,077,550 but not over $5 million; joint filers with income over $2,155,350 but not over $5 million; and heads of household with income over $1,646,450 but not over $5 million
- 30% for all classes of taxpayers with income over $5 million but not over $25 million
- 90% for all classes of taxpayers with income over $25 million
Factoring in the current New York City personal income tax rate (3.876%), these new rates will result in a combined state and local personal income tax rate of 14.776% for affected high-income taxpayers with taxable income exceeding $25 million. Clearly, high-net-worth individuals will be significantly impacted by this increase in personal income tax rates.
Pass-through Entity Tax
Partnerships and S corporations can elect to pay an optional pass-through entity income tax on the entity’s taxable income at rates ranging from 6.85% to 10.9%. Partners/shareholders of electing partnerships and S corporations will be allowed to take an offsetting personal income tax credit for the portions of the PTE tax paid by the entity that are attributable to such partners/shareholders.
An irrevocable, annual election must be made by the due date of the first estimated tax payment. For the 2021 tax year, the election must be made on or before Oct. 15, 2021, and there are no estimated taxes required to be remitted.
Resident Tax Credit
The Budget Bill also amends the resident tax credit provisions, and, effective for the 2021 tax year, New York residents who are partners or shareholders in entities that pay “substantially similar” PTE in other jurisdictions will be allowed a credit for their respective share of PTE taxes paid to other states. Prior to this amendment, it was the Department’s position that residents were not eligible for such a resident tax credit for entity-level taxes paid.
Sales and Use Tax
The Budget Bill increases the threshold from $300,000 to $500,000 for gross receipts from property delivered into New York State and maintains the threshold of 100 sales transactions in the state to require vendors to register in response to the Wayfair decision.
Real Estate Transfer Tax
The Budget Bill clarifies that the Real Estate Transfer Tax is the responsibility of the grantor. The grantor cannot pass the liability to the grantee unless there is a contract or a written agreement between both parties.
Real Property Tax Relief Credit
Individuals with qualified adjusted gross income of less than $250,000 will be eligible for a new credit if New York real property taxes on their New York State principal residence exceed 6% of qualified adjusted gross income. The credit is based on the real property tax paid in excess of that 6% amount, and the rate is determined on a gradual sliding scale from 14% to 0%.
Qualified Opportunity Funds
Effective Jan. 1, 2021, taxpayers will no longer be able to defer current capital gains by reinvesting them into Qualified Opportunity Funds. The Budget Bill no longer allows a federal exclusion of the reinvested capital gain amount, and now requires an add-back modification for the gains deferred in the year of such deferral.
Restaurant Return-to-Work Tax Credit
The Budget Bill creates a new “Restaurant Return-to-Work-Tax Credit” program. Eligible businesses can claim a $5,000 credit for each full-time net employee increase, up to a total of $50,000 in tax credits. To qualify, the restaurant should have experienced at least a 40% decrease in gross receipts and/or average full-time employment due to the pandemic.
Employees working outside N.Y. due to COVID-19
Due to COVID-19, many businesses have New York-based employees working remotely. The Budget Bill allows these businesses to treat “such remote work as having been performed at the location such work was performed prior to the declaration of such state disaster emergency,” in order to claim tax credits and incentives requiring a minimum number of employees.
It is critical to note that the Budget Act does not address the personal income tax implications of remote workers. That is, the Department has already made its position clear on remote workers and its interpretation of its “convenience of the employee” rule. In this regard, “if you are a nonresident [of New York] whose primary office is in New York State, your days telecommuting during the pandemic are considered days worked in the state unless your employer has established a bona fide employer office at your telecommuting location.”
Given the magnitude and complexity of the tax changes in the Budget Bill, all taxpayers (New York and non-New Yorkers) should review the new provisions to see how these changes impact their specific tax positions. In addition, given New York State’s tax rate increases on high-net-worth individuals and businesses, coupled with the pandemic’s current remote workforce climate, we would anticipate more individuals contemplating a change in domicile/residency outside of New York State and businesses exploring whether they need to have a physical location within the State of New York.
Moreover, partnerships and S corporations also need to evaluate whether the newly enacted PTE tax should be timely elected and whether this would be beneficial to their respective entities and partners/shareholders. We expect that the Department will need to issue clarifying guidance on the PTE, as we anticipate there will be many open questions that will have to be addressed based on what we have seen in other states that are administering a PTE.
To qualify, applicants must be located in a low-income community; suffered greater than a 50% economic loss over an 8-week period since March 2, 2020 compared to the previous year; and have 10 or fewer employees.
To see if your business is located in a designated low-income area, you can use this map.